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The Council of Nicaea decided that Easter must always occur on a Sunday because Sunday was the day on which Christ rose from the dead.But why is the paschal full moon used to determine the date of Easter? Passover fell on the date of the paschal full moon in the Jewish calendar, and the Last Supper (Holy Thursday) occurred on the Passover.
The current Gregorian calendar is valid until at least 4099 AD. What was then Italy changed calendar AND calculation method in October 1582, so for years 1583 to 4099, use method 3. Use method 3 for Western churches for years 1753 to 4099.
This usually arises because Easter is the Sunday March 20.
There are two "afters" here, so the earliest possible Easter is March 22.
So the reference is really to the March Equinox, but even that is equally wrong in this definition, but for different reasons (see below).
Also, I think that almost everyone reading this would assume that "full moon" refers to an astronomical full moon date.
Easter Sunday is the date of the annual celebration of Christ's resurrection.